A primary doctor can only do so much for patients. Referrals are often made to specialists that can provide the proper diagnostics and treatment of certain diseases and other medical conditions. Some health insurances require that individuals have referrals in order to visit a specialist. In fact, the best medical professionals are often part of exclusive networks that are only accessible for patients with specific health insurance plans.
Gastroenterology is a specialized practice that deals with any problems related to the gastrointestinal system. A primary care physician often refers adult patients to Gastroenterologists for routine screening. Of course, patients that complain of stomach problems and other relevant issued may request a referral to visit a Gastroenterology practice. Colon cancer screening is a very common procedure that& s done to people over the age of 50. This test detects early signs of a cancer that develops in the large intestines. Colorectal cancer can also be genetic in nature and therefore patients must be aware of any family history involving major gastrointestinal problems.
Crohn& s disease is a serious medical condition that can only be treated by Gastroenterology practices. This chronic disease cannot be cured but it can be managed with the proper medication and lifestyle changes. For example, patients may be advised to change their diet in order to prevent inflammation of the intestinal lining. Additionally, Gastroenterologists can provide advice on how to manage ulcers in the digestive system.
Modern technology is now used to investigate the entire digestive system. Instead of using invasive fiber optics, Gastroenterologists can apply capsule endoscopy. A patient simply swallow a capsule that includes a small video camera inside. As the capsule goes through the digestive tract, clear images are captured. The special capsule can be excreted naturally with a regular bowel movement. Dr. Schub is an example of a licensed medical professional that works in a modern Gastroenterology department.
Gastroenterology offices can also accept patients that suffer from common and relatively mild problems such as heartburn, acid reflux disease and GERD. Such conditions can be easily managed with over the counter medication that& s sold at local pharmacies. Additionally, Gastroenterology practices also take patients that complain of constipation or diarrhea. Laxatives may be prescribed to individuals suffering from irregular bowel movements. Hemorrhoids also make up a very common problem that& s treated by Gastroenterology practices. Special topical creams and other medication may be used to relieve painful Hemorrhoid symptoms.